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13 April 2010 @ 11:57 pm
references  
Cameroon http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR163/16chapitre16.pdf table 16.9, p17 (4.1% v 1.1%)
Ghana http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR152/13Chapter13.pdf table 13.9 (1.6% v 1.4%)
Lesotho http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR171/12Chapter12.pdf table 12.9 (22.8% v 15.2%)
Malawi http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR175/FR-175-MW04.pdf table 12.6, p257 (13.2% v 9.5%)
Rwanda http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR183/15Chapter15.pdf , table 15.11 (3.5% v 2.1%)
Swaziland http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR202/FR202.pdf table 14.10 (21.8% v 19.5%)


See also http://www.iasociety.org/Default.aspx?pageId=11&abstractId=2197431

"Conclusions: We find a protective effect of circumcision in only one of the eight countries for which there are nationally-representative HIV seroprevalence data. The results are important in considering the development of circumcision-focused interventions within AIDS prevention programs."

http://apha.confex.com/apha/134am/techprogram/paper_136814.htm

"Results: … No consistent relationship between male circumcision and HIV risk was observed in most countries."

The South African National Communication Survey on HIV/AIDS, 2009
"12-22% of men and 12-17% of women across age groups (15% in total) also believe that circumcised men do not need to use condoms."
http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politicsweb/view/politicsweb/en/page71656?oid=158053


The one randomized controlled trial into male-to-female transmission:
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)60998-3/abstract